Hyperpigmentation can be defined as a harmless condition in which the skin becomes darker in color. It occurs when a skin pigment known as melanin is produced in excess. When your skin is exposed to the sun it may lead to sun damage.
Excess melanin can cause age spots, dark spots and liver spots on some parts of the body like face and hands.
These are just dark spots on your skin which may be skin discoloration. Our Hyperpigmentation Treatments are helpful when you want to get rid of this issues.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
The causes of hyperpigmentation include:
- Sun Exposure
- Acne Vulgaris
- Allergic Reactions
It should be noted that people with dark skin are more prone to hyperpigmentation. This is because there is an overproduction of melanin in their bodies.
Dark Spot Treatments
The following is a breakdown of eight treatments that help with hyperpigmentation.
Most dermatologists advise their patients to carry sunscreen. This is because Sunscreens have zinc oxide or titanium dioxide components which can block most of the sun rays that will darken the skin. They also advise patients to use a wide spectrum of sunscreen so as to protect themselves from both UVA and UVB rays.
Vitamin C can be used as a topical antioxidant which helps block free radicals from causing oxidative damage to the skin. This can lead to the formation of wrinkles and a dull complexion. Vitamin C also inhibits the enzymatic processes that produce melanin in the skin which in turn helps reduce the dark coloration of the skin.
Hydroquinone works by inhibiting an enzyme called tyrosinase, which aids in the production of melanin.
This is a major component of most skin lighteners. It is best used with hydroquinone to achieve the best results. Kojic acid works by suppressing a key factor in the activity of the pigment cells.
Lasers are the most effective treatment to reduce dark spots. They use a focused beam of light to target skin pigments which results in the break-up and elimination of dark spots in the skin.
Exfoliating treatments like chemical peels remove the upper layers of dead skin helping to reduce the dull appearance of the skin. These treatments also get rid of dark spots on the skin.
This is a well-known exfoliating treatment for hyperpigmentation that uses tiny particles to sand away dead skin.
This is using a steel rollerblade to cause many micro-injuries to the skin. This is done to rebuild the skin collagen production along with elasticity.