The Most Common Vein Conditions and Their Treatment

There are typically two types of vein conditions are signal underlying venous insufficiency. The two conditions are spider veins and varicose veins. Spider veins are typically entangled tiny blood vessels under the surface of the skin. They resemble a spider web, hence the name. They are red, purple or blue in color.

Varicose veins are generally larger than spider veins and are bumpy. Both conditions lead to a wide range of nagging symptoms such as fatigue, itching and burning. There exists different kinds of treatments that can be used to improve these conditions.

Varicose Veins

They are painful and unsightly bumpy or rope-like veins that can appear in any part of the leg. They mostly occur on the inside of the leg between the groin and the ankle. Some of the common symptoms of varicose veins include:

  • Itching
  • Swollen ankles
  • Restless legs
  • Heavy-feeling legs
  • Fatigue
  • Cramping
  • Leg pain
  • In severe cases, ulcers are a symptom

Varicose veins can impair your mobility if not treated effectively.

Causes of Varicose Veins

There are many factors that can increase the risk of varicose veins. They include:

  • Heredity
  • Age
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy lack of movement

Jobs that require one to sit for a long period also contribute to the condition

Treatment Options

There are several ways of treating varicose veins with the best options being:

  • Thermal ablation
  • Non-thermal ablation
  • Sclerotherapy

Spider Veins

They are tangled groups of small blood vessels underneath the skin surface that resemble a spider web. They are typically blue in color and are visible on the lower legs and the face. They may cover a wide area of the skin causing itching and burning.

Causes of Spider Veins

Caused by a medical condition known as venous insufficiency. It occurs when the veins valves are weak. The blood being pumped pools around the weak valves causing the veins to exhibit a web-like appearance.


They are treated by a safe and fast procedure known as sclerotherapy. Typically, a chemical known as sclerosant is injected into the veins causing them to shrink. The body then reroutes the blood to other healthier veins. The body gradually absorbs the treated veins. Contact VIVAA for more specifics on this treatment.


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Dr. Sidhu
Dr. Ramandeep Sidhu

Author - Dr. Ramandeep Sidhu

SPECIALTIES: Percutaneous aneurysm repair, endovascular treatment of peripheral arterial disease, treatment for varicose veins, open vascular surgical procedures, deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolism treatment and aesthetic services.